W3vina.COM Free Wordpress Themes Joomla Templates Best Wordpress Themes Premium Wordpress Themes Top Best Wordpress Themes 2012

Rationale for RUWES

90 million Nigerians, and almost all public institutions, cook with firewood on the traditional “three-stone fire and other sources easily available in their backyards but which are detrimental to their health. These include wood and debris from nearby forests, and household refuse. These sources are attractive because they are relatively affordable and accessible. They burn at a high carbon emission level with the attendant greenhouse gas effect and hazard to health.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 98,000 Nigerians die each year as a result of smoke related ailments and infections, representing about 10% of global annual premature deaths from indoor air and outdoor pollutants, consisting mostly of children and their mothers. Millions more suffer everyday with difficulty in breathing, stinging eyes and chronic respiratory disease. Moreover, indoor air pollution and inefficient household energy practices are significant obstacle to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

Beyond its impact on health, increasing wood use costs poor families money that can be used for food, education and health and contributes to deforestation. Already Nigeria loses 3% of its forest cover every year. Millions of open fires are major sources of greenhouse gases that cause global warming. This is responsible for the climatic change that is affecting farming and grazing, and bringing about drought and flooding.  Clean cooking fuels and stoves save lives, money and make the poor part of the climate solution. Unlike in several African countries the market for clean cook stoves is weak in Nigeria. This is a result of policy failure to address cooking energy challenges. This is what RUWES intends to address.

At the heart of the Rural Women Energy Security Scheme is access to opportunity for women their families. This can be attained through raising awareness about the connection between health, poverty and cooking practices

The key question is: how do we mobilize women to lead the demand for increased access to clean cooking energy. It is the poor who cook via means that are more detrimental to their health. They struggle to receive daily subsistence and other basic needs and cannot afford to invest in high cost cooking fuel or apparatus. Even though they are the most in need of this new safer technology, they will be the least likely to get it. Therefore a model that will ensure the cook stoves reach the poor, are found to be useful, provide an avenue to earn some income and sustain a demand and accountability loop is required. This is the Gender Social Enterprise Model.